After a June Soviet Ultimatum demanding BessarabiaBukovinaand the Hertza region from Romania,   the Soviets entered these areas, Romania caved to Soviet demands and the Soviets occupied the territories. Thereafter, the Soviet Union began to push German forces westward through a series of battles on the Eastern Front. In the aftermath of World War II on the Soviet-Finnish borderthe parties signed another peace treaty ceding to the Soviet Union infollowed by a Soviet annexation of roughly the same eastern Finnish territories as those of the prior interim peace treaty as part of the Karelo-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic.
Communism collapsed in Eastern European countries and the Iron Curtain was dismantled. In Poland, the largest Communist country apart from the Soviet Unionthe free trade union Solidarity got more and more support from the population.
As a result, Poland became the first Soviet satellite state to have a non-communist Prime Minister. In Communist Hungary started making it easier for its own citizens to travel to the west.
In May it started to tear down its barbed wire and metal fences along the border to Austria. In the summer of thousands of East Germans traveled to Hungary for their holidays. They never went back and escaped to West Germany through Austria.
During these celebrations East German citizens demonstrated on the streets of Berlin and other cities. They demonstrated for freedom and the right to leave Communist Germany.
Gorbachew warned the Communist leaders not to ignore the rights of the population. The Iron Curtain - Free countries of Western Europe are blue, Communist countries of Eastern Europe are red,Yugoslavia was bloc-free As the protest movement got stronger East German television announced on November 9, that all citizens were free to travel to West Germany.
Within hours thousands passed the border at the Brandenburg Gate and other official border crossings in Berlin.
A day later bulldozers started tearing down the Berlin Wallwhich had been built in to stop East Germans from escaping to the West. East Germany's communist leader Erich Honnecker did not realize that everything was over.
Within a few months he and other communist leaders were removed from office and on October 3, East and West Germany joined to become one nation. In autumn of unrest and rioting spread to Czechoslovakia. The weeks of demonstrations and protest were called the Velvet Revolution.
In the end the whole communist government had to resign. At Prague's Wenceslas Square people celebrated freedom and the collapse of Communism.
The leader of the movement, dissident and playwright Vaclav Havel became president of Czechoslovakia. In December protests erupted in communist Romania.
Thousands of people started demonstrating in the streets and tearing down posters of Communist dictator Nicolai Ceausescu. Ceausescu ordered the police and the army to crush the protests.
Dozens were killed in a wave of violence. But as protests became even stronger the army started to support the demonstrators. Ceausescu and his wife fled Bucharest by helicopter.Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, On the night of November 9, , the Berlin Wall—the most potent symbol of the cold-war division of Europe—came down.
Earlier that day, the Communist authorities of the German Democratic Republic had announced the removal of travel restrictions to democratic West Berlin. At the same time, the world watched as the Chinese government violently cracked down on student protests in the Tiananmen Square protests of , which strengthened the revolutionary sentiments and intentions of many people in the Eastern bloc, the former Communist countries of Eastern Europe.
World History unit 5 review. STUDY. PLAY. The fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, The communist coup attempt failed because it lacked the support of the people and most of the army.
True. Eleven of the original fifteen republics of the Soviet Union formed what in In the fall of , people around the world turned their televisions on to watch astonishing scenes. Hundreds of thousands of people in eastern Europe congregated in streets and squares and demanded the end of communist rule.
Despite the Soviet Union's elaborate preparations to expand its influence in Eastern Europe, you write that there was a great variety of political parties, private ownership, and free media left.
In November the communist government of Czechoslovakia resigned, and in December a violent revolution led to the overthrow and execution of Romania's communist boss, Nicolae Ceausescu.