August 27, at 7:
John Brown on Trial Throughout American history people have protested and broken the law. Once in court, they often have tried to use their trials to advance their causes.
In the s and s, many people sought to use the courtroom to denounce racial segregation and the Vietnam War. In the s and s, many others tried to turn their trials into an attack on abortion.
Before the Civil War, John Brown, a tireless crusader against slavery, fought his last battle against slavery in an American courtroom.
He had grown up on the Ohio frontier, the son of a stern man who believed slavery was a sin against God. As John grew up, he became an active abolitionist -- someone who fights to abolish slavery -- by helping runaway slaves escape.
He married and in moved his family to North Elba, New York, to join a farming community of ex-slaves and free blacks. A few years later, his anti-slavery views took him away from his wife and younger children to continue his personal crusade in Kansas.
The Kansas territory had become known as "Bleeding Kansas" because of many pitched battles over slavery. Small homesteaders wanted Kansas to enter the Union as a free state.
Bands of pro-slavery gunmen called "border ruffians" crossed over from Missouri to attack them.
Brown's older sons had moved to Kansas earlier, and he joined them to help defend the free-soil homesteaders. Border ruffians attacked Lawrence, Kansas, in Mayand burned down much of the town.
Brown led a counter-raid and ordered five pro-slavery settlers hacked to death with sabers. This brutal response was one of the most controversial events in his life. Brown fought several other battles in Kansas, defending free-soil towns, and he led guerilla raids into Missouri. During this period, Brown began to develop a much bigger plan, designed to free all slaves.
He traveled to Boston in and again in to ask wealthy abolitionists for arms and money. He said he had a vision that God would make him "the deliverer of the slaves the same as Moses had delivered the children of Israel. But finally he won over a small group of financial backers, known as "The Secret Six.
About 50 black and white supporters adopted Brown's anti-slavery constitution. In December, Brown moved beyond talk and plans.
He led a daring raid from Kansas across the border into Missouri, where he killed one slave owner and freed 11 slaves. In the spring ofBrown traveled east to complete his plan for a large slave revolt. He gathered recruits and ordered guns, spears, and other supplies.
At a meeting of the New England Anti-Slavery Society, he denounced the endless discussions of many abolitionists.John Brown was a misguided fanatic. He was being adored by a lot of abolitionists for staying firm for his rights.
However, from the viewpoint of the Southerners he was seen as too much/5(15). An excellent biography of John Brown is John Brown's War against Slavery by Robert E.
McClone of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. I referenced a . Do you think John Brown was a courageous abolitionist who died for a cause he believed in, or was he insane?
Was he a martyr or a terrorist? John Brown was from Connecticut, born in strict religious family in “If you are for me and my problems,” Malcolm X declared in , “then you have to be willing to do as old John Brown did.” Blacks’ reverence for the memory of Brown has not inspired those mainstream historians uncomfortable with Brown’s reliance on violence.
John Brown was a radical abolitionist who believed in the violent overthrow of the slavery system. During the Bleeding Kansas conflicts, Brown and his sons led attacks on pro-slavery residents.
In response, John Brown went to the pro-slavery settlement of Pottawatomie, Kansas and hacked to death several people, which led to guerrilla war in the Kansas territory.
In , he attempted to raid the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry.