Orange Democratic Movement leader Raila Odinga speaks with Kenyan media The post-election demonstration and violence stemmed from a mixture of motives. Voting in elections has widely been along ethnic lines in many Kenyan communities  Widespread perception that the count of the presidential election was modified in favour of Kibaki During colonial times Kikuyu people were displaced from their fertile highlands and after independence they were settled outside their traditional areas especially in the Rift Valley, where the ethnic Maasai people had populated originally before Kenya's colonization by the British. Please note that the area size on the map does not indicate population density:
Election violence is not new to the East African country. About 1, peopleincluding children, died in the events that followed the election in This time, opposition candidate Raila Odinga immediately disputed the victory of Uhuru Kenyatta as president.
This has led to killings, injuries and loss of property in post-election protests in the capital and elsewhere. Two children were reportedly among the casualties.
A climate of fear and uncertainty can trigger psychological distress for all people. However, children are more vulnerable because graphic images shape their developing brains, leaving effects that last into adolescence and adulthood.
Children are exposed to violence on television and other media platforms. They can also witness violence or even death in their families or neighbourhoods.
This can cause lasting physical, mental and emotional harm.
The short and long term psychological effects include behavioural and emotional symptoms like fear, aggression, irregular sleep patterns, disturbed play and learning difficulties. They could become anxious whenever elections take place.
Behaviour changes People interpret traumatic events differently, according to their age and socialisation. Children have immature mental processes which could misinterpret events and trigger trauma related conditions unless they get psychological support.
A child interacts with family members, peers, schoolmates, neighbours and other groups.
Children often internalise their fear. They may feel anxious, depressed or stressed. Some act out and become more aggressive. They may consider acts of violence as normal.
Boys are more likely to be more aggressiveimpulsive or antisocial than girls when exposed to violence. Studies have shown that girls tend to internalise emotions as anxiety and depression. Persistent and excessive fear of losing a caregiver in an accident or disaster is a common reaction to trauma.
The child becomes restless and does not want to be separated from the caregiver. Some children will cry frequently, become sad or have poor concentration and decreased interest in social activities unless a guardian is present.
They may become tense or restless and constantly worry that something bad will take place. They may have nightmares or re-enact traumatic events when playing. Other symptoms include irritability and startled reactions. This can impair cognitive and social functioning and lead to poor school performance.
In adulthood, they may become dependent and over-protective of their loved ones.A CASE OF NAKURU TOWN AND ITS ENVIRONS Kenya came to the brink of collapsing after the December elections with one function of the political EFFECTS OF POST ELECTION VIOLENCE.
Some existing measures, however, can provide indications of a chilling effect, including utilization of safety-net clinics for sexual and reproductive health care, timeliness of prenatal care. Electoral conflict and violence can be defined as any random or organized act or threat to intimidate, physically harm, blackmail, or abuse a political stakeholder in seeking to determine, delay, or to otherwise influence an.
In the case of the post-election violence, the successive election was held predominately peacefully in However addressing the root causes of the violence, including inequalities and land allocation grievances, and strengthening the capacities of authorities to maintain a state of peace, constitute important ecological strategies for reducing the risk and impact of similar catastrophes.
The study objectives were to; establish the causes of post- election violence, evaluate the agricultural profit and loss margins from different farming systems, assess the effects of violence on agriculture and farm productivity and suggest policy development in resolving post-election violence.
The study objectives were to; establish the causes of post- election violence, evaluate the. agricultural profit and loss margins from different farming systems, assess the effects of violence on agriculture.
and farm productivity and suggest policy development in resolving post-election violence.