Importance of statistics in nation building

If current growth trends continue, the UK will break into the top five by

Importance of statistics in nation building

It gives me great pleasure to have this opportunity to address this distinguished audience and I thank Justice Akanbi and the Mustapha Akanbi Foundation for giving me this opportunity to share my thoughts with you on this important topic 1. When I was approached to deliver this talk, I readily agreed for three important reasons.

Firstly, to honour Honourable Justice Mustapha Akanbi, a distinguished jurist, and an outstanding public servant who has served this country well as a classroom teacher, judge and the Chair of ICPC.

As I intend to argue in my presentation, nations are built by exemplary men and women and sustained by institutions that promote good governance and thus socio-economic development.

Justice Akanbi is a shining example of one such a person and he was a pioneer head of a sensitive public institution. My most important reason, however, for accepting this invitation has to do with the subject matter for discussion.

We need to reflect on our journey so far, so we can do better in the future and leave a better legacy for posterity II.

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Nations are an important part of modern society. If we go back into history, we see that the world used to be divided into empires and kingdoms. In the modern period, however, nations or nation states have replaced empires as the basic unit of human political organization.

I myself have had the privilege of close association with the United Nations, an organization set up to ensure the peaceful coexistence and the social economic development of the worlds numerous nations.

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As an integral part of the modern world, therefore, Nigerians are rightly concerned about nation-building. Nation-building is therefore the product of conscious statecraft, not happenstance.

Nation-building is always a work-in-progress; a dynamic process in constant need of nurturing and re-invention. Nation-building never stops and true nation-builder never rest because all nations are constantly facing up to new challenges. Nation-building has many important aspects.

Firstly, it is about building a political entity which corresponds to a given territory, based on some generally accepted rules, norms, and principles, and a common citizenship.

Secondly, it is also about building institutions which symbolize the political entity — institutions such as a bureaucracy, an economy, the judiciary, universities, a civil service, and civil society organizations. Above all else, however, nation-building is about building a common sense of purpose, a sense of shared destiny, a collective imagination of belonging.

Nation-building is therefore about building the tangible and intangible threads that hold a political entity together and gives it a sense of purpose. Even in these days of globalization and rapid international flows of people and ideas, having a viable nation remains synonymous with achieving modernity.

Importance of statistics in nation building

It is about building the institutions and values which sustain the collective community in these modern times. I shall return to the imperatives of institution-building later in this presentation.

This is an ascriptive perspective. We are seen as giants not necessarily because of the quality of our national institutions and values, but simply by virtue of our large population and oil wealth. But in reality, the greatness of a nation has to be earned and is not determined just by the size of its population or the abundance of its natural resources.

China and India have the largest populations in the world, but they are only now rising as important global players. On the other hand, Japan has few natural resources, but has long managed to turn itself into a global economic powerhouse.

In today's world, skills, industriousness, productivity, and competitiveness are the determinant factors of national greatness.

Not even the possession of the nuclear bomb is enough to make a nation great without reference to the industriousness and creativity of its citizens. Since the time of Adam Smith, every serious nationalist and politician has come to know that the wealth of a nation is not based on the wealth and opulence of its rulers, but on the productivity and industriousness of its citizenry.

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The real question is why has the task of nation-building been so difficult in Nigeria, and the fruits so patchy, despite our enormous human and natural resources? I suggest that we should look for the answer in three critical areas: We need to understand the environment for nation-building in Nigeria, so we can clearly identify our strengths, weaknesses, and core challenges.

We also need to evolve a system of leadership selection and accountability which produces the sort of leaders that will confront the challenges of the environment in a way that is beneficial for nation-building.

As I have argued at the beginning, nations are a product of the human will and imagination and the institutions that sustain their collective efforts. Challenges before Nigerian Nation-building: Nigeria faces five main nation-building challenges: In our quest for nation-building, we have recorded some successes, such as keeping the country together in the face of many challenges.

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But these challenges continue to keep us from achieving our full potential. It is to these challenges that I devote the rest of my presentation. The Challenge of History The historical legacies of colonial rule create some challenges for nation-building in Nigeria.Statistics plays a vital role in every field of human activity.

Statistics helps in determining the existing position of per capita income, unemployment, population growth rates, housing, schooling medical facilities, etc., in a country.

In the years following the recession, Texas was one of the most economically resilient states, experiencing compounding annual growth in excess of 7% from to Restraining the military in Vietnam in hindsight probably prevented a nuclear war with China or Russia.

The Vietnam War was shortly after China got involved in the Korean war, the time of the Cuban missile crisis, Soviet aggression in Eastern Europe and the proliferation of nuclear bombs.

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News & World Report and The National Center for Education Statistics. This paper discusses the importance of statistics and statisticians in national development with emphasize that government at all levels should embark on building a very viable information system in order to have adequate statistical information for designing a formidable evidence based policy.

This paper discusses the importance of statistics and statisticians in national development with emphasize that government at all levels should embark on building a very viable information system.

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