The perception of attractiveness can have a significant effect on how people are judged in terms of employment or social opportunities, friendship, sexual behavior, and marriage. A study of the reports of college students regarding those traits in individuals which make for attractiveness and repulsiveness argued that static traits, such as beauty or ugliness of features, hold a position subordinate to groups of physical elements like expressive behavior, affectionate disposition, grace of manner, aristocratic bearing, social accomplishments and personal habits. Such studies consistently find that activity in certain parts of the orbitofrontal cortex increases with increasing attractiveness of faces. The same study finds that for faces and bodies alike, the medial part of the orbitofrontal cortex responds with greater activity to both very attractive and very unattractive pictures.
Wikinews has related news: Obesity and the Fat Acceptance Movement: The issues faced by fat women in society have been a central theme of the fat acceptance movement since its inception. Although the first organisation, NAAFA, and the first book, Fat Powerwere both created by men, in each case they were responses to weight discrimination experienced by their wives.
Women soon started campaigning on their own behalf with the first feminist group, 'The Fat Underground', being formed in Issues addressed regarding women have included body imageand in particular The Thin Ideal and its effect on women.
Fat men[ edit ] The fat acceptance movement has primarily focused on a feminist model of patriarchal oppression of fat women, most clearly represented by the encouragement of women to diet. Gilman argues that, until the 20th century, dieting has historically been a man's activity.
He continues, " Obesity eats away at the idealised image of the masculine just as surely as it does the idealised image of the feminine. Men respond to being overweight differently, i. Ganapati Durgadas argues that fat bisexual and gay men "are reminders of the feminine stigma with which heterosexism still tars queer men".
In a comparison of queer fat positive zinesthe lesbian-produced Fat Girl was found to have political debate content absent from gay male orientated zines such as Bulk Male and Big Ad.
Joel Barraquiel Tan comments: Gay men have a tendency to sexualise difference, where lesbians have historically politicised it.
Like some fat and gay men, BHMs have sexualized their difference and receive validation of this identity from BBWs or from straight women known as "Female Fat Admirers".
The results of these cases has varied considerably, although in some instances the Americans with Disabilities Act ADA has been successfully used to argue cases of discrimination against fat people. What is the difference between a million-dollar weight case award and a losing case?
Like the difference between many winning and losing transgender cases, it's all about the attitude. Winning cases generally adopt a legal posture that reinforces social prejudices.
Cases that challenge societal prejudices generally lose. The cities of Washington D. Opinions amongst city enforcement workers vary as to why the prosecution numbers are so low, although they all suggested that both overweight people and employers were unaware of the protective legislation and it was also noted that the cities with anti-weight discrimination laws tended to be liberal college towns.
Despite recommendations from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to the contrary, the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has decided that fat people will only qualify as disabled if it can be proved that their weight is caused by an underlying condition, supporting the concept that being obese is not inherently a disability.
In the UK an All Party Parliamentary Group published a report in called Reflections on Body Image that found that 1 in 5 British people had been victimised because of their weight.
The report recommended that Members of Parliament Investigated putting "appearance-based discrimination" under the same legal basis as sexual or racial discrimination via the Equality Act which makes it illegal to harass, victimise or discriminate against anyone on the basis of a number of named categories.
Marilyn Wann argues that fat studies moved beyond being an individual endeavour to being a field of study with the conference Fat Attitudes: In a number of colleges, student groups with a fat activist agenda have emerged, including Hampshire, Smith, and Antioch.
Fat studies is now available as an interdisciplinary course of study at some colleges, taking a similar approach to other identity studies such as women's studiesqueer studies and African American studies.
I don't consider myself disabled, and some people don't like 'fat' being considered a disability. The fat acceptance community generally divides into two categories. One is those who feel discrimination towards thin people hinders the fat acceptance cause.
The other side views thin people as at least a partial cause of their social stigma. Primarily there has been a conflict over the medicalisation of fat and health professionals who have criticised proponents of fat acceptance for ignoring health issues that many studies have shown to be linked to obesity.
She condemned the movements' demand for respect for fatness in itself, which promotes the same unhealthy lifestyle that she believes killed her brother, who was morbidly obese and died at the age of She also criticized the movements' repeated comparison of sizeism with racism or homophobia, saying that this approach casts obesity in the light of being an unchangeable state.
While she recognizes the value in fighting against self-loathing, she draws the line at advocating for acceptance of an "unhealthy status quo.A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah Effects of alcohol on the human body Essay Most people do not understand the consequences alcohol abuse can have of their health nevertheless the abuse occurs primarily because people do not know the destructive power of alcohol.
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