Medication Cervical spondylolisthesis can be difficult to diagnose because it is relatively rare and its symptoms are similar to those of other upper spine conditions. Typically, each vertebral body aligns with the one above and below it, although when spondylolisthesis occurs, there is a slippage of the vertebra in the spine. Cervical spondylolisthesis takes place in the neck region that begins at the base of the skull and continues down to the top of the rib cage. Lumbar lower spondylolisthesiswhich is the most common form of spondylolisthesis, often results from trauma to the spine, such as heavy lifting or athletic activity.
As viewed in the coronal planeit is a Spondylothesis of cervical spine bone, wider medially at its sternal articulation and noticeably thinner at its lateral third.
The clavicle assumes a gentle S-shape, the medial end convex forward and the lateral end concave forward. The shape resembles the musical symbol clavicula. It is also known as collarbone. The female collar bone is shorter, lighter, thinner, smoother, and less curved than in males. The lateral end of the clavicle is a little below the medial end in females whereas, in males, the lateral end is either at the same level or slightly higher than the medial end.
Collar Bone of right side viewed from below Collar Bone of right side viewed from above Structure of Clavicle Clavicle has two ends medial end and lateral ends and a cylindrical part called the shaft. The lateral end is also called acromial end and is flat from above downwards. It articulates with the acromion process of the scapula through a facet.
The articular surface for the acromioclavicular joint gives attachment to the joint capsule. The medial end is called sternal end, is quadrangular in shape. This part articulates with the clavicular notch of the manubrium sterni to form the sternoclavicular joint.
It also articulates with first costal cartilage via an extension of the articular surface. The shaft of the collar bone can be divided into the lateral one third and the medial two thirds.
The lateral one-third of the shaft is flattened from above downwards. It has a concave anterior border and convex posterior border and two surfaces- the superior and inferior.
The inferior surface has elevation called the conoid tubercle and a ridge called the trapezoid ridge. Determination of Side The lateral end is flat, and the medial end is large and quadrilateral.
Attachments on Collar Bone Ligaments Medial Ligaments The bulbous medial clavicular end contributes to forming the sternoclavicular joint. Several ligaments support this joint.
Capsular Ligaments Capsular ligaments are thickenings of the sternoclavicular joint capsule are referred to as the capsular ligaments on anterosuperior and posterior aspects of the capsule. These are responsible for limiting superior displacement of the medial clavicular or, through the clavicular moment arm, inferior displacement of the lateral end of an intact clavicle.
The posterior part of the capsule resists both anterior and posterior translation at the sternoclavicular joint. Interclavicular Ligament This ligaments has strong bands that span the medial clavicle to the superior sternum to the contralateral clavicle.
The ligament loosens with shoulder elevation and prevents downward displacement of the lateral end of the clavicle.
Costoclavicular Ligament These strong ligaments run from the upper aspect of the first rib and adjacent aspects of the sternum to the inferior clavicle. The costoclavicular ligament stabilizes the medial clavicle against both upward and downward rotation, respectively.A healthy curve in your neck is essential to your overall spinal health.
Find out what can cause a loss of cervical lordosis and how to restore the curve. Spondylolisthesis occurs when one vertebra slips forward on the adjacent vertebrae.
This will produce both a gradual deformity of the spine and also a narrowing of the vertebral canal. It is often associated with pain. [Source: Medtronic] This . Treatment for cervical degenerative spondylolisthesis is based upon the symptoms, the amount of compression of the cord and nerve roots and the instability present.
In many cases, if there are no symptoms, and no threat to the cord, there is no need for treatment. Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Kozminski on bilateral facet and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy: 1) The scan is not the pt; you are.
2) Operative word here is "mild." Those findings may cause no symptoms at all. 3) In medicine and especially in this sort of situation, 1 picture = words. Your doc ordered the scan for a reason. Degenerative spondylolisthesis is relatively rare at other levels of the spine, but may occur at two levels or even three levels simultaneously.
While not as common as lumbar spondylolisthesis, cervical spondylolisthesis (in the neck) can occur. Cervical spondylolisthesis can be difficult to diagnose because it is relatively rare and its symptoms are similar to those of other upper spine conditions.
Typically, each vertebral body aligns with the one above and below it, although when spondylolisthesis occurs, there is a slippage of the vertebra in the spine.